Toggle Main Menu Toggle Search

Open Access padlockePrints

Oral and periodontal implications of tobacco and nicotine products

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Richard HollidayORCiD



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


Tobacco use contributes to more mortality and morbidity globally than any other behavioral risk factor. Adverse effects do not spare the oral cavity, with many oral diseases more common, and treatments less successful, in the tobacco-using patient. Many of the oral health effects of cigarette smoking are well established, but other forms of tobacco, including cigars and smokeless tobacco, merit dental professionals' attention. Recently, an expanding variety of new or emerging tobacco and/or nicotine products has been brought to market, most prominently electronic cigarettes, but also including heated tobacco and other noncombustible nicotine products. The use of cannabis (marijuana) is increasing and also has risks for oral health and dental treatment. For the practicing periodontist, and all dental professionals, providing sound patient recommendations requires knowledge of the general and oral health implications associated with this wide range of tobacco and nicotine products and cannabis. This review provides an overview of selected tobacco and nicotine products with an emphasis on their implications for periodontal disease risk and clinical management. Also presented are strategies for tobacco use counselling and cessation support that dental professionals can implement in practice.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Chaffee B, Couch E, Vora M, Holliday R

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Periodontology 2000

Year: 2021

Volume: 87

Issue: 1

Pages: 241-253

Print publication date: 01/10/2021

Online publication date: 31/08/2021

Acceptance date: 20/12/2020

Date deposited: 08/09/2021

ISSN (print): 0906-6713

ISSN (electronic): 1600-0757

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.


DOI: 10.1111/prd.12395


Altmetrics provided by Altmetric


Funder referenceFunder name
UK National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Clinical Lectureship