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Novel multifunctional nanoliposomes inhibit α-synuclein fibrillization, attenuate microglial activation, and silence the expression of SNCA gene [Nuevos nanoliposomas multifuncionales inhiben la fibrilización de la α-sinucleína, atenúan la activación de la microglía y silencian la expresión de SNCA]

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Tiago OuteiroORCiD



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND).


© 2021 Sociedad Española de Neurología. Introduction: The aim of this study was to compare the effect of five types of PEGlated nanoliposomes (PNLs) on α-synuclein (α-syn) fibrillization, attenuation of microglial activation, and silence of the SNCA gene, which encodes α-syn. Methods: To evaluate the inhibition of α-syn fibrillization, we used standard in vitro assay based on Thioflavin T (ThT) fluorescence. Next, to evaluate the attenuation of microglial activation, the concentration of TNF-a and IL-6 was quantified by ELISA assay in BV2 microglia cells treated with 100 nM A53T α-syn and PNLs. In order to determine the silencing of the SNCA, real-time PCR and Western blot analysis was used. Finally, the efficacy of PNLs was confirmed in a transgenic mouse model expressing human α-syn. Results: ThT assay showed both PNL1 and PNL2 significantly inhibited a-syn fibrillization. ELISA test also showed the production of TNF-a and IL-6 was significantly attenuated when microglial cells treated with PNL1 or PNL2. We also found that SNCA gene, at both mRNA and protein levels, was significantly silenced when BV2 microglia cells were treated with PNL1 or PNL2. Importantly, the efficacy of PNL1 and PNL2 was finally confirmed in vivo in a transgenic mouse model. Conclusions: In conclusion, the novel multifunctional nanoliposomes tested in our study inhibit α-syn fibrillization, attenuate microglial activation, and silence SNCA gene. Our findings suggest the therapeutic potential of PNL1 and PNL2 for treating synucleinopathies.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Jebali A, Rashidi M, Keikha R, Daliri K, Outeiro TF

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Neurologia

Year: 2024

Volume: 39

Issue: 4

Pages: 321-328

Print publication date: 01/05/2024

Online publication date: 22/09/2021

Acceptance date: 05/08/2021

Date deposited: 07/10/2021

ISSN (print): 0213-4853

ISSN (electronic): 1578-1968

Publisher: Spanish Society of Neurology


DOI: 10.1016/j.nrl.2021.08.002


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