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Redox mediator as cathode modifier for enhanced degradation of azo dye in a sequential dual chamber microbial fuel cell-aerobic treatment process

Lookup NU author(s): Shamas Tabraiz


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© 2021The electron transfer from cathode to azo dye Acid Blue 29 (AB29) using thionine (TH) and anthraquinone-2-sulfonate (AQS) redox mediators were investigated in dual chamber microbial fuel cells (DCMFCs). More than 90% of color was removed using electropolymerized TH (192 h) and AQS (264 h) cathodes. Chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal after anaerobic treatment in cathode chamber of TH-MFC, AQS-MFC and unmodified-MFC were 76.6 ± 1.7, 70.8 ± 2.5 and 18.3 ± 2.9%, respectively, which increased to 85.4 ± 1.5, 79.8 ± 3 and 20.6 ± 2.1%, respectively, after aerobic post treatment. Gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC–MS) investigations revealed the formation of aromatic amines in DCMFCs which were further degraded into low molecular-weight products in the aerobic post treatment. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopic (EIS) analysis showed lowest charge transfer resistance of TH-cathode which increased the electrochemical reactions and electron transfer rates. These results indicated that AB29 can be efficiently degraded by utilizing modified cathode based DCMFC-aerobic post treatment process along with bioelectricity generation.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Khan MD, Thimmappa R, Anwer AH, Khan N, Tabraiz S, Li D, Khan MZ, Yu EH

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy

Year: 2021

Volume: 46

Issue: 79

Pages: 39427-39437

Print publication date: 16/11/2021

Online publication date: 09/10/2021

Acceptance date: 18/09/2021

ISSN (print): 0360-3199

ISSN (electronic): 1879-3487

Publisher: Elsevier Ltd


DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2021.09.151


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