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© 2021 American Association of Clinical Anatomists.Conduction problems still occur following transcatheter aortic valvar replacement. With this in mind, we have assessed the relationship of the conduction axis to the aortic root. We used serial histological sections, made perpendicular to the base of the triangle of Koch in nine hearts, and perpendicular to the aortic root in 11 hearts. We first defined the extent of the fibrous tissues forming the boundaries of an infero-septal recess of the subaortic outflow tract, found in all datasets but one. When the recess was present, the axis penetrated through its rightward wall, giving rise to the left bundle branch prior to entering the outflow tract. The axis itself was usually on the crest of the ventricular septum, but could be deviated leftward or rightward. Its proximity to the virtual basal plane reflected the angulation of the muscular septum. On average, the superior edge of the left bundle was within 3.3 mm of the hinge of the right coronary leaflet, with a range from 0.4 to 10.2 mm. The arrangement was markedly different in the case lacking an infero-septal recess. Our findings necessitated a redefinition of the right fibrous trigone and the central fibrous body. The atrioventricular conduction axis, having entered the aortic root, is usually closest at the hinge of the right coronary leaflet. Knowledge of the depth of the infero-septal recess, and the angulation of the muscular ventricular septal, may help to avoid conduction problems following transcatheter implantation of the aortic valve.
Author(s): Macias Y, Tretter JT, Sanchez-Quintana D, Cabrera J-A, Spicer DE, de Almeida MC, Anderson RH
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Clinical Anatomy
Print publication date: 01/03/2022
Online publication date: 28/09/2021
Acceptance date: 22/09/2021
ISSN (print): 0897-3806
ISSN (electronic): 1098-2353
Publisher: John Wiley and Sons Inc
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