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Historical and recent tomato black ring virus and beet ringspot virus isolate genomes reveal interspecies recombination and plant health regulation inconsistencies

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Neil Boonham



This is the authors' accepted manuscript of an article that has been published in its final definitive form by John Wiley and Sons Inc., 2022.

For re-use rights please refer to the publisher's terms and conditions.


© 2021 British Society for Plant Pathology. Tomato black ring virus (TBRV) and beet ringspot virus (BRSV) are closely related but distinct members of subgroup B of the genus Nepovirus. Both viruses have broad host ranges and are transmitted by seed, pollen, and ectoparasitic nematodes. Although 13 TBRV and 3 BRSV genome sequences were already available, no attempt has been made to link sequence data from these recent sequences with those of historical isolates studied in the pre-sequencing era. High-throughput sequencing was used to generate eight new TBRV and BRSV genome sequences from three historical >60-year-old and two >30-year-old isolates, and three more recent isolates. These eight isolates were from the Czech Republic, Germany, and the UK. We compared these with all genomes sequenced previously. Intraspecies recombination (three of four TBRV and two of four BRSV isolates) was frequent amongst the eight new genomes. Interspecies recombination was also present within the RNA1 of TBRV isolates BRSV-3393 SG GB and BRSV-9888 ST GB. No satellite RNAs were associated with the eight new genomes. Two commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits used to detect TBRV during routine testing differed in that one detected only TBRV and the other only BRSV, so they are likely to provide incorrect but potentially complementary virus occurrence information. We suggest both ELISA kits, or appropriate molecular tests, be used by biosecurity authorities to avoid this problem. This study illustrates the value of sequencing historical isolates preserved from the pre-sequencing era.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Fowkes A, Adams IP, Jones RAC, Fox A, McGreig S, Boonham N

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Plant Pathology

Year: 2022

Volume: 71

Issue: 3

Pages: 729-740

Print publication date: 01/04/2022

Online publication date: 04/11/2021

Acceptance date: 25/10/2021

Date deposited: 21/01/2022

ISSN (print): 0032-0862

ISSN (electronic): 1365-3059

Publisher: John Wiley and Sons Inc.


DOI: 10.1111/ppa.13507


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Funder referenceFunder name
EUPHRESCO VirusCurate project