Toggle Main Menu Toggle Search

Open Access padlockePrints

Investigation of anisotropy effects in glass fibre reinforced polymer composites on tensile and shear properties using full field strain measurement and finite element multi-scale techniques

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Adrian OilaORCiD, Dr Arti Yadav, Professor Steve BullORCiD



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0).


© The Author(s) 2021.Designing highly stressed offshore renewable energy composite structures (e.g. wind and tidal turbine blades) necessitates characterisation of woven fabric composite under off axial loading. In this work a combined method of finite element analysis, digital image correlation and microscopy is used to assess the effect of ply orientation on the tensile/shear properties and failure modes of woven glass fibre reinforced polymer composites. Full field strain maps obtained by the digital image correlation method were used to evaluate the damage development and the inhomogeneity of strain localisation. The development of finite element models of mechanical test specimens is based on the analysis of micro-mechanical models of representative volume elements using a homogenisation technique in order to calculate the effective orthotropic properties. The agreement between numerically and experimentally calculated strains obtained in the elastic regimes indicates that stress analysis conducted by numerical methods is useful when characterising the effect of ply orientation on mechanical behaviour. Strain measurement conducted by the digital image correlation method indicated that there is a strong relationship between the strain distribution and the microstructure/ply orientation. In addition, it was found that the levels of localised tensile strain are higher than the global strain indicating the structural heterogeneity of the composite material. Finally, microstructural analysis of tension and shear test specimens showed that the main failure modes are de-bonded fibres, fibre pull out, in-plane/inter-laminar shear cracks and delamination.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Gonabadi H, Oila A, Yadav A, Bull S

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Composite Materials

Year: 2022

Volume: 56

Issue: 3

Pages: 507-524

Print publication date: 01/02/2022

Online publication date: 15/11/2021

Acceptance date: 02/04/2018

Date deposited: 03/12/2021

ISSN (print): 0021-9983

ISSN (electronic): 1530-793X

Publisher: Sage Publications Ltd


DOI: 10.1177/00219983211054232


Altmetrics provided by Altmetric


Funder referenceFunder name