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SIOP PNET5 MB trial: History and concept of a molecularly stratified clinical trial of risk-adapted therapies for standard-risk medulloblastoma

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Steven CliffordORCiD



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.Background. SIOP PNET5 MB was initiated in 2014 as the first European trial using clinical, histological, and molecular parameters to stratify treatments for children and adolescents with standard-risk medulloblastoma. Methods. Stratification by upfront assessment of molecular parameters requires the timely submission of adequate tumour tissue. In the standard-risk phase-III cohort, defined by the absence of high-risk criteria (M0, R0), pathological (non-LCA), and molecular biomarkers (MYCN amplification in SHH–MB or MYC amplification), a randomized intensification by carboplatin concomitant with radiotherapy is investigated. In the LR stratum for localized WNT-activated medulloblastoma and age <16 years, a reduction of craniospinal radiotherapy dose to 18 Gy and a reduced maintenance chemotherapy are investigated. Two additional strata (WNT-HR, SHH-TP53) were implemented during the trial. Results. SIOP PNET5 MB is actively recruiting. The availability of adequate tumour tissue for upfront real-time biological assessments to assess inclusion criteria has proven feasible. Conclusion. SIOP PNET5 MB has demonstrated that implementation of biological parameters for stratification is feasible in a prospective multicentre setting, and may improve risk-adapted treatment. Comprehensive research studies may allow assessment of additional parameters, e.g., novel medulloblastoma subtypes, and identification and validation of biomarkers for the further refinement of risk-adapted treatment in the future.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Mynarek M, Milde T, Padovani L, Janssens GO, Kwiecien R, Mosseri V, Clifford SC, Doz F, Rutkowski S

Publication type: Review

Publication status: Published

Journal: Cancers

Year: 2021

Volume: 13

Issue: 23

Online publication date: 02/12/2021

Acceptance date: 29/11/2021

ISSN (electronic): 2072-6694

Publisher: MDPI


DOI: 10.3390/cancers13236077