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Value, product delivery strategies and operational performance in the medical technology industry

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Christian Hicks, Dr Adrian SmallORCiD



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND).


Healthcare systems face increasing demand and expectations due to globally aging populations and new technologies which will increase the demand for medical technology products. The ‘value’ of health technologies is based upon health technology assessment rather than customer perceptions. This research contributes to product delivery strategy and mass customization theory and contributes to practice by explaining how the proposed conceptual framework could enhance the value proposition of medical technology products, improving company performance and competitiveness. This paper used a 13-month, longitudinal, participative Action Research strategy to understand and improve the performance of a German medical technology company that manufactures prostheses with varying levels of customization. The conceptual framework was successfully applied in the case organization. It provided a structure for product segmentation which grouped products according to their value propositions which reflected different trade-offs in terms of health technology assessment (HTA). Appropriate delivery strategies were then determined for each group. This research demonstrated that product delivery strategies based upon postponement improved productivity and delivery performance, whilst reducing inventory and enhancing value.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Bhamra R, Garcia E, Hicks C, Small A

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: International Journal of Production Economics

Year: 2022

Volume: 245

Print publication date: 01/03/2022

Online publication date: 31/12/2021

Acceptance date: 21/12/2021

Date deposited: 21/12/2021

ISSN (print): 0925-5273

Publisher: Elsevier


DOI: 10.1016/j.ijpe.2021.108399


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