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Emergency Remote Teaching During COVID-19: Saudi University Teachers' Perceptions of EFL Classroom Interaction in Synchronous Online Lessons

Lookup NU author(s): Wala Almijiwl, Dr Müge SatarORCiD



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND).


COVID-19 caused a shift in language teaching from face-to-face lessons (F2FLs) to synchronous online lessons (SOLs) conducted via videoconferencing systems (VCS). This paper explores teachers’ perceptions about VCS affordances for classroom interaction, their ability to create learning opportunities, and the challenges they faced and suggestions on how to overcome them. Following a mixed-methods approach, 20 English as foreign language (EFL) teachers at a Saudi University completed questionnaires and five participated in semi-structured interviews. Findings indicated that the webcam was the least used VCS functionality to facilitate interaction. Teachers thought that they created learning opportunities in SOLs but not as much/well as in F2FLs. Insufficient technological and pedagogical knowledge and skills were identified as main challenges which impeded interaction in SOLs.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Almijiwl WF, Satar M

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Bogazici University Journal of Education

Year: 2022

Volume: 39

Issue: Special Issue

Pages: 39-67

Print publication date: 21/10/2022

Online publication date: 14/10/2022

Acceptance date: 09/05/2022

Date deposited: 14/05/2022

ISSN (print): 2822-5600

ISSN (electronic): 1300-9567

Publisher: Boğazici University


DOI: 10.52597/buje.1040443

ePrints DOI: 10.57711/mmmy-be24


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