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CEO polychronicity and SME internationalization

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Saurabh BhattacharyaORCiD



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0).


This study, leveraging the upper echelon and social network theories, explores the association between CEO’s polychronicity and SMEs' international performance under the complete mediation effect of social networks. The paper explores this relationship under the moderation effect of CEO perceived time pressure and synchrony preference. The paper investigates a moderated mediating relationship, where CEO time pressure and synchrony preference moderate the relationship between social networks and SME international performance. The study is based on a sample of 186 UK firms. Findings of the study suggest that social network fully mediates the CEO polychronicity and firm international performance relationship. Furthermore, CEO perceived time pressure moderates the social network and SME international performance relationship such that it reduces the positive indirect association between CEO polychronicity and SME international performance. CEO synchrony preference, on the contrary, enhances the positive indirect association between CEO polychronicity and SME performance.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Agnihotri A, Bhattacharya S

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Multinational Business Review

Year: 2022

Volume: 30

Issue: 4

Pages: 526-545

Online publication date: 10/05/2022

Acceptance date: 12/04/2022

Date deposited: 16/08/2022

ISSN (print): 1525-383X

ISSN (electronic): 2054-1686

Publisher: Emerald Publishing Limited


DOI: 10.1108/MBR-10-2021-0143

ePrints DOI: 10.57711/sgnn-5219


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Funder referenceFunder name
Newcastle University Business School