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Very early discharge after primary percutaneous coronary intervention for ST-elevation myocardial infarction: Mortality outcomes at six months

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Bilal Bawamia, Professor Ioakim SpyridopoulosORCiD, Dr Alan Bagnall, Dr Mohaned Egred, Professor Azfar Zaman, Dr Mohammad Alkhalil

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Abstract

© 2022 Elsevier Inc. Background: Current guidelines recommend that low risk patients presenting with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and undergoing uncomplicated primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) can be discharged home in 48–72 h. We report the safety of early discharge in STEMI patients undergoing uncomplicated PPCI after 24-h stay in-hospital. Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data of consecutive patients presenting with STEMI between January 2014 and December 2020. One- and 6-month mortality rates were compared between patients who underwent next day (early discharge group) and two days in-hospital stay (standard discharge group). Results: Of 6119 STEMI patients, 4033 were included in the analysis, of whom 1674 (42 %) underwent early discharge. Patients in the early discharge group were younger, more likely to be male, and had a lower peak troponin. Both groups had similar ischemia- and door-to-balloon time, but anterior STEMI were less frequent in the early discharge group. The 1- and 6-month mortality rate for the whole cohort was 0.6 % and 1.3 %, respectively. After adjustment, there were no significant differences in the 1-month [HR 0.54; 95 % CI (0.20 to 1.47), P = 0.23] and 6-month mortality [HR 0.73; 95 % CI (0.38 to 1.41), P = 0.35] between early and standard discharge groups. Age, admission heart rate and chronic obstructive lung disease were identified as independent predictors of 6-month mortality in patients who underwent early discharge strategy. Conclusion: Our data confirms safety of next day discharge of patients presenting with STEMI after successful PPCI and uncomplicated post-procedural course.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Bawamia B, Brown A, Spyridopoulos I, Bagnall A, Edwards R, Purcell I, Egred M, Zaman A, Alkhalil M

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine

Year: 2022

Pages: Epub ahead of print

Online publication date: 18/08/2022

Acceptance date: 16/08/2022

ISSN (print): 1553-8389

ISSN (electronic): 1878-0938

Publisher: Elsevier Inc.

URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carrev.2022.08.022

DOI: 10.1016/j.carrev.2022.08.022

PubMed id: 36058828


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