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Youth participation in environmental action in Vietnam: Learning citizenship in liminal spaces

Lookup NU author(s): Siobhan WarringtonORCiD, Professor Graham SmithORCiD, Dr Pamela Woolner



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


The information, practices and views in this article are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the opinion of the Royal Geographical Society (with IBG). © 2022 The Authors. The Geographical Journal published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Royal Geographical Society (with the Institute of British Geographers).Youth participation has become an important element of environmental governance and is also a way that young people learn about the expectations of citizenship. In the global South, young people are confronted with multiple understandings of citizenship as international development organisations may introduce citizenship in a liberal, democratic framing which may differ from national citizenship norms. In Vietnam, state agencies have a history of supporting youth participation linked to nation building and community service. These activities create an imaginary which highlights citizenship as a status and the national scale as being central. More recently, liberalisation policies have opened the door for activities of international organisations which extend imaginaries of citizenship to the global scale and beyond status to a process centred on creating a sense of belonging. Other forms of participation are also flourishing, thanks to the increasing reach of social media. This paper explores how the diversity of this landscape creates liminal spaces of citizenship which young people navigate, working within and between different scales and imaginaries.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Beckwith L, Smith MB, Hensengerth O, Nguyen H, Greru C, Warrington S, Nguyen T, Smith G, Minh TMT, Nguyen L, Woolner P

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Geographical Journal

Year: 2023

Volume: 189

Issue: 2

Pages: 329-341

Print publication date: 01/06/2023

Online publication date: 28/09/2022

Acceptance date: 08/09/2022

Date deposited: 25/10/2022

ISSN (print): 0016-7398

ISSN (electronic): 1475-4959

Publisher: John Wiley and Sons Inc


DOI: 10.1111/geoj.12479


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