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Mucilage polysaccharide as a plant secretion: Potential trends in food and biomedical applications

Lookup NU author(s): Dr David XieORCiD



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND).


Current trends are shifting away from using synthetic compounds in favor of discovering new natural component sources that will allow them to create goods that are healthful, environmentally friendly, sustainable, and profitable. The food industry, in light of these trends, has opted to look for safe natural ingredients that will allow the production of low-fat, artificial-additive-free, gluten-free, prebiotic, and fortified foods. Similarly, the pharmaceutical and medical industries have attempted to apply natural ingredients to address the challenges related to biomaterials more efficiently than synthetic ingredients. Against this background, plant mucilage has proven to be a polysaccharide with excellent health features and technological properties, useful for both food and biomedical applications. Many studies have shown that its inclusion in different food matrices improves the quality of the products obtained under appropriate reformulations. At the same time, plant mucilage has been indicated to be a very interesting matrix in biomedical field especially tissue engineering applications since it has been emerged to favor tissue regeneration with its highly biocompatible structure. This concise review discusses the most recent advances of the applications of plant mucilage in different foods as well as its recent use in biomedical field. In this context, firstly, a general definition of mucilage was made and information about plant-based mucilage, which is frequently used, about the plant parts they are found in, their content and how they are obtained are presented. Then, the use of mucilage in the food industry including bakery products, meat emulsions, fermented dairy products, ice cream, and other foods is presented with case studies. Afterwards, the use of plant mucilage in the biomedical field, which has attracted attention in recent years, especially in applications with tissue engineering approach such as scaffolds for tissue regeneration, wound dressings, drug delivery systems and pharmaceutical industry was evaluated.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Goksen G, Demir D, Dhama K, Kumar M, Shao P, Xie F, Echegaray N, Lorenzo JM

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules

Year: 2023

Volume: 230

Print publication date: 01/03/2023

Online publication date: 04/01/2023

Acceptance date: 01/01/2023

Date deposited: 11/01/2023

ISSN (print): 0141-8130

ISSN (electronic): 1879-0003

Publisher: Elsevier


DOI: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2023.123146


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