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The biochemical pharmacology of the thymidylate synthase inhibitor, 2-desamino-2-methyl-N10-propargyl-5,8-dideazafolic acid (ICI 198583)

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Herbie Newell, Geoffrey Taylor, Professor Alan Calvert


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2-Desamino-2-methyl-N10-propargyl-5,8-dideazafolic acid (ICI 198583) is a more water-soluble analogue of the quinazoline-based thymidylate synthase (TS) inhibitor, N10-propargyl-5,8-dideazafolic acid (CB3717). A 3-fold loss in TS inhibitory activity (murine and human TS, Ki = 10 nM) was accompanied by a 40-fold increase in growth inhibitory potency against L1210 and W1L2 cells in vitro (IC50 = 0.085 and 0.05 microM, respectively) when compared with CB3717. In L1210 cells a concentrative uptake mechanism was demonstrated for [3H]ICI 198583 (Kt = 2.9 microM). The L1210:1565 cell line, with an impaired ability to transport reduced folates or methotrexate (MTX), was resistant (100-fold relative to the wild-type L1210 line) to ICI 198583 (but not CB3717) and did not take up [3H]ICI 198583 significantly. The measurement of folylpolyglutamate synthetase (FPGS) substrate activity demonstrated a Km of 40 microM for ICI 198583 and a Vmax/Km (relative to folic acid) of 3.5. The formation of intracellular polyglutamate derivatives was demonstrated in both L1210 (mouse) and WIL2 (human) cells grown in vitro after exposure to 1 microM [3H]ICI 198583. In L1210 cells, by 4 hr, approximately 50% of the intracellular 3H(approximately 1 microM) was found as polyglutamate forms of ICI 198583, principally as tri- and tetraglutamates. After 24 hr the ICI 198583 polyglutamate pool had expanded, the tetraglutamate metabolite predominated and there was significant formation of the pentaglutamate. Upon resuspension of L1210 cells in drug free medium, ICI 198583 was largely lost from the cells but the polyglutamates were preferentially retained, after 24 hr approximately 70% remained. Synthetic ICI 198583 polyglutamates were shown to be up to 100-fold more potent as inhibitors of isolated TS than the parent compound. Following in vivo administration (500 mg/kg i.v.) ICI 198583 was cleared rapidly from the plasma of mice (T1/2 beta = 16 min, clearance = 42 mL/min/kg). Despite this clearance there was prolonged, dose-dependent inhibition of TS in L1210:NCI cells in vivo. Thus, following 500 mg/kg i.v. the flux through TS was inhibited by greater than 80% for at least 24 hr. Administration of five doses at 5 mg/kg daily of ICI 198583 to L1210:ICR tumour-bearing mice resulted in greater than 60% of the mice being cured, a 10-fold improvement in potency over CB3717. The maximum tolerated dose (MTD) for ICI 198583 using this schedule was greater than 500 mg/kg/day compared with 200 mg/kg/day of CB3717.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Jackman AL, Newell DR, Gibson W, Jodrell DI, Taylor GA, Bishop JA, Hughes LR, Calvert AH

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Biochemical Pharmacology

Year: 1991

Volume: 42

Issue: 10

Pages: 1885-1895

Print publication date: 24/10/1991

ISSN (print): 0006-2952

ISSN (electronic): 1873-2968


DOI: 10.1016/0006-2952(91)90586-T

PubMed id: 1741766


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