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Effects of Mixture Distribution on the Structure and Propagation of Turbulent Stratified Slot-Jet Flames

Lookup NU author(s): Peter Brearley, Dr Umair AhmedORCiD, Professor Nilanjan ChakrabortyORCiD



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


© 2023, The Author(s).The influence of mixture stratification on the development of turbulent flames in a slot-jet configuration has been analysed using Direct Numerical Simulation data. Mixture stratification was imposed at the inlet by varying the equivalence ratio between 0.6 and 1.0 with different alignments to the reaction progress variable gradient: aligned gradients (back-supported), opposed gradients (front-supported) and misaligned gradients. An additional premixed case with a global equivalence ratio of 0.8 was simulated for comparison. The flame is shortest for the front-supported case, followed by the premixed flame, with the back-supported and misaligned gradient flames being the tallest and of comparable size. This behaviour has been explained in terms of the variations of the mean equivalence ratio within the flame and the volume-integrated reaction rate in the streamwise direction. The difference in mixture composition for these cases results in significant variations in the burning rate, flame area, flame wrinkling and flame brush thickness in the streamwise direction. The globally front-supported case has the highest volume-integrated burning rate and flame area, while the back-supported case has the lowest. The misaligned scalar gradient case exhibits qualitatively similar behaviour to that of the globally back-supported case. The burning intensity is unity for a major part of the flame length but assumes values greater than unity towards the flame tip where the effects of flame curvature become strong. All cases predominantly exhibit the premixed mode of combustion within the flamelet regime, so flamelet assumption-based reaction rate closures, originally proposed for premixed combustion, were evaluated using a priori analysis. The terms which require improved closures have been identified and existing closures have been improved where necessary. It was found that the global nature of mixture stratification does not influence the performance of the mean reaction rate closures or the parameterisation of marginal probability density functions of scalars in turbulent stratified mixture combustion.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Brearley P, Ahmed U, Chakraborty N

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Flow, Turbulence and Combustion

Year: 2023

Pages: epub ahead of print

Online publication date: 08/05/2023

Acceptance date: 13/04/2023

Date deposited: 13/04/2023

ISSN (print): 1386-6184

ISSN (electronic): 1573-1987

Publisher: Springer Nature


DOI: 10.1007/s10494-023-00420-7


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