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Safeguarding Imperiled Biodiversity and Evolutionary Processes in the Wallacea Center of Endemism

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Darren Evans, Dr Marco FusiORCiD



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


© 2022 The Author(s).Wallacea - the meeting point between the Asian and Australian fauna - is one of the world's largest centers of endemism. Twenty-three million years of complex geological history have given rise to a living laboratory for the study of evolution and biodiversity, highly vulnerable to anthropogenic pressures. In the present article, we review the historic and contemporary processes shaping Wallacea's biodiversity and explore ways to conserve its unique ecosystems. Although remoteness has spared many Wallacean islands from the severe overexploitation that characterizes many tropical regions, industrial-scale expansion of agriculture, mining, aquaculture and fisheries is damaging terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, denuding endemics from communities, and threatening a long-term legacy of impoverished human populations. An impending biodiversity catastrophe demands collaborative actions to improve community-based management, minimize environmental impacts, monitor threatened species, and reduce wildlife trade. Securing a positive future for Wallacea's imperiled ecosystems requires a fundamental shift away from managing marine and terrestrial realms independently.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Struebig MJ, Aninta SG, Beger M, Bani A, Barus H, Brace S, Davies ZG, De Brauwer M, Diele K, Djakiman C, Djamaluddin R, Drinkwater R, Dumbrell A, Evans D, Fusi M, Herrera-Alsina L, Iskandar DT, Jompa J, Juliandi B, Lancaster LT, Limmon G, Lindawati, Lo MGY, Lupiyaningdyah P, Mccannon M, Meijaard E, Mitchell SL, Mumbunan S, O'connell D, Osborne OG, Papadopulos AST, Rahajoe JS, Rosaria, Rossiter SJ, Rugayah, Rustiami H, Salzmann U, Sheherazade, Sudiana IM, Sukara E, Tasirin JS, Tjoa A, Travis JMJ, Trethowan L, Trianto A, Utteridge T, Voigt M, Winarni N, Zakaria Z, Edwards DP, Frantz L, Supriatna J

Publication type: Review

Publication status: Published

Journal: BioScience

Year: 2022

Volume: 72

Issue: 11

Pages: 1118-1130

Print publication date: 01/11/2022

Online publication date: 19/10/2022

Acceptance date: 02/04/2022

ISSN (print): 0006-3568

ISSN (electronic): 1525-3244

Publisher: Oxford University Press


DOI: 10.1093/biosci/biac085