Toggle Main Menu Toggle Search

Open Access padlockePrints

3D printed nanocellulose-based label for fruit freshness keeping and visual monitoring

Lookup NU author(s): Professor David XieORCiD



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND).


Food packaging systems with a single function of freshness keeping or monitoring may not be able to meet all practical needs. Herein, cellulose nanofibers (CNF)-based labels with dual functions of fruit freshness keeping and visual monitoring were prepared by coaxial 3D printing. CNF-based ink with blueberry anthocyanin was used to create the shell of fibers, exhibiting high formability and print fidelity as well as sensitive visual pH-responsiveness for freshness monitoring. Chitosan containing 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) was loaded into the hollow microchannels of fibers, in which 1-MCP was trapped by the electrostatic effect of chitosan and CNF and exhibited a sustained release behavior. The 3D printed labels prolonged the shelf life of litchis for 6 days, meanwhile, they sensitively indicated the changes in freshness and the accuracy was confirmed by Headspace-Gas Chromatography-Ion Mobility Spectrometry. The CNF-based integrated labels developed in this work provided a new idea for the development of food intelligent packaging.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Zhou W, Wu Z, Xie F, Tang S, Fang J, Wang X

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Carbohydrate Polymers

Year: 2021

Volume: 273

Print publication date: 01/12/2021

Online publication date: 08/08/2021

Acceptance date: 05/08/2021

Date deposited: 23/05/2023

ISSN (print): 0144-8617

ISSN (electronic): 1879-1344

Publisher: Elsevier


DOI: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2021.118545


Altmetrics provided by Altmetric