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High-resolution mapping of the circuit of typical atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Bob Anderson


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© 2023, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.Background: Recent anatomic and electrophysiologic evidence has provided new insight into the anatomic substrate. Previous reports on electroanatomic mapping (EAM) of the circuit of atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) have been limited by mapping only the triangle of Koch on the right side of the septum and by the use of conventional mapping tools. The objectives are to obtain comprehensive high-resolution mapping of typical AVNRT and to investigate the role of the atrioventricular ring tissues in the circuit. Methods: We employed EAM with the use of novel modules and algorithms for studying typical AVNRT from the right and the left sides of the septum. Results: We performed extensive mapping of both the atrial septum and the septal vestibule of the tricuspid valve during typical AVNRT in 9 (6 females) patients, aged 49.6 ± 12.1 years. In two of these, left septal mapping was also obtained through the aorta. The earliest initial activation was variable, emanating from the superior or medial septum. The impulse consistently appeared below the orifice of the coronary sinus, at the site where its inferoanterior margin merged with the septal vestibule of the tricuspid valve at its entrance to the right atrium. It then returned to the initial activation site, presumably through the septal vestibular myocardium. The left septal activation area corresponded to that recorded on the right side. Conclusions: Typical AVNRT uses a circuit confined within the pyramid of Koch from the AV node to the septal isthmus, involving the myocardial walls of the pyramidal space.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Katritsis DG, Fragakis N, Katritsis G, Doukas V, Marine JE, Desmukh A, Latchamsetty R, Anderson RH, Calkins H

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology

Year: 2023

Pages: epub ahead of print

Online publication date: 11/09/2023

Acceptance date: 30/08/2023

ISSN (print): 1383-875X

ISSN (electronic): 1572-8595

Publisher: Springer


DOI: 10.1007/s10840-023-01632-7


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