Toggle Main Menu Toggle Search

Open Access padlockePrints

The advantages of naming rather than numbering the arteries of the pharyngeal arches

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Bob Anderson, Dr Simon BamforthORCiD


Full text for this publication is not currently held within this repository. Alternative links are provided below where available.


© The Author(s), 2023. Published by Cambridge University Press.Controversies continue as to how many pharyngeal arches, with their contained arteries, are to be found in the developing human. Resolving these controversies is of significance to paediatric cardiologists since many investigating abnormalities of the extrapericardial arterial pathways interpret their findings on the basis of persistence of a fifth set of such arteries within an overall complement of six sets. The evidence supporting such an interpretation is open to question. In this review, we present the history of the existence of six such arteries, emphasising that the initial accounts of human development had provided evidence for the existence of only five sets. We summarise the current evidence that substantiates these initial findings. We then show that the lesions interpreted on the basis of persistence of the non-existing fifth arch arteries are well described on the basis of the persistence of collateral channels, known to exist during normal development, or alternatively due to remodelling of the aortic sac.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Anderson RH, Graham A, Hikspoors JPJM, Lamers WH, Bamforth SD

Publication type: Review

Publication status: Published

Journal: Cardiology in the Young

Year: 2023

Volume: 33

Issue: 11

Pages: 2139–2147

Online publication date: 06/10/2023

Acceptance date: 17/08/2023

ISSN (print): 1047-9511

ISSN (electronic): 1467-1107

Publisher: Cambridge University Press


DOI: 10.1017/S1047951123003566

PubMed id: 37800310