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Selective loss of poly(ADP-ribose) and the 85-kDa fragment of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase in nucleoli during alkylation-induced apoptosis of HeLa cells

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Alexander Burkle


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Alkylation treatment of HeLa cells results in the rapid induction of apoptosis as revealed by DNA laddering and cleavage of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) into the 29-and 85-kDa fragments (Kumari S. R., Mendoza-Alvarez, H. & Alvarez-Gonzalez, R. (1998)Cancer Res. 58, 5075–5078). Here, we performed a time-course analysis of (i) poly(ADP-ribose) synthesis and degradation as well as (ii) the subnuclear localization of PARP and its fragments by using confocal laser scanning immunofluorescence microscopy. PARP was activated within 15 min post-treatment, as revealed by nuclear immunostaining with antibody 10H (recognizing poly(ADP-ribose)). This was followed by a late, time-dependent, progressive decline of 10H signals that coincide with the time of PARP cleavage. Strikingly, nucleolar immunostaining with antibodies 10H and C-II-10 (recognizing the 85-kDa PARP fragment) was lost by 15 min post-treatment, whereas F-I-23 signals (recognizing the 29-kDa fragment) persisted. We hypothesize that the 85-kDa PARP fragment is translocated, along with covalently bound poly(ADP-ribose), from nucleoli to the nucleoplasm, whereas the 29-kDa fragment is retained, because it binds to DNA strand breaks. Our data (i) provide a link between the known time-dependent bifunctional role of PARP in apoptosis and the subcellular localization of PARP fragments and also (ii) add to the evidence for early proteolytic changes in nucleoli during apoptosis.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Alvarez-Gonzalez R, Spring H, Müller M, Bürkle A

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Biological Chemistry

Year: 1999

Volume: 274

Issue: 45

Pages: 32122-32126

Print publication date: 05/11/1999

ISSN (print): 0021-9258

Publisher: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.


DOI: 10.1074/jbc.274.45.32122


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