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Characterization of MPP+ secretion across human intestinal Caco-2 cell monolayers: Role of P-glycoprotein and a novel Na+-dependent organic cation transport mechanism

Lookup NU author(s): Kelly Bleasby, Dr Colin Brown


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1. In the kidney, a number of transport proteins involved in the secretion of permanently charged organic cations have recently been cloned. To evaluate the possible similarities between intestine and kidney in the handling of organic cations we investigated the transport of 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+) across monolayers of intestinal Caco-2 cells. MPP+ is a prototypic substrate of the cloned organic cation transporters hOCT1 and hOCT2. 2. In Caco-2 cell monolayers, the basolateral to apical flux of MPP+ was significantly greater than the apical to basolateral flux, consistent with net secretion of MPP+. 3. Net secretion of MPP+ was abolished by addition of either 10 μM cyclosporin A or 100 μM verapamil to the apical membrane. In contrast, secretion of MPP+ was unaffected by addition of either TEA (2 mM) or decynium-22 (2 μM) to either apical or basolateral membranes. These results suggest that MPP+ secretion is mediated primarily by P-glycoprotein located at the apical membrane. We found no evidence of a role for hOCT1 or hOCT2 in the secretion of MPP+. 4. In addition to net secretion of MPP+, we found evidence of a Na+-dependent MPP+ uptake mechanism at the apical membrane of Caco-2 cells. 5. Na+-dependent MPP+ uptake was sensitive to inhibition by the organic cations; decynium-22 (2 μM), TEA (2 mM) and cimetidine (5 mM) but not by carnitine, guanidine or proline. 6. These results suggest that net secretion of MPP+ across the apical membrane of Caco-2 cells is a function of the relative contributions of MPP+ secretion mediated by P-glycoprotein and MPP+ absorption mediated by a novel Na+-dependent transport mechanism.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Bleasby K, Chauhan S, Brown CDA

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: British Journal of Pharmacology

Year: 2000

Volume: 129

Issue: 3

Pages: 619-625

ISSN (print): 0007-1188

ISSN (electronic): 1476-5381

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons


DOI: 10.1038/sj.bjp.0703078

PubMed id: 10711363


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