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Lookup NU author(s): Marie-helene Beylot,
Dr Kaveh Emami,
Dr Vincent McKie,
Emeritus Professor Harry Gilbert,
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In the accompanying paper [Beylot, McKie, Voragen, Doeswijk-Voragen and Gilbert (2001) Biochem. J. 358, 607-614] the chromosome of Pseudomonas cellulosa was shown to contain two genes, abf51A and abf62A, that encode arabinofuranosidases belonging to glycoside hydrolase families 51 and 62, respectively. In this report we show that expression of Abf51A is induced by arabinose and arabinose-containing polysaccharides. Northern-blot analysis showed that abf51A was efficiently transcribed, whereas no transcript derived from abf62A was detected in the presence of arabinose-containing polysaccharides. Zymogram and Western-blot analyses revealed that Abf51A was located on the outer membrane of P. cellulosa. To investigate the importance of Abf51A in the release of arabinose from poly- and oligosaccharides, transposon mutagenesis was used to construct an abf51A-inactive mutant of P. cellulosa (Δabf51A). The mutant did not grow on linear arabinan or sugar beet arabinan, and utilized arabinoxylan much more slowly than the wild-type bacterium. Arabinofuranosidase activity in Δabf51A against aryl-α-arabinofuranosides, arabinan and α1,5-linked arabino-oligosaccharides was approx. 1% of the wild-type bacterium. The mutant bacterium did not exhibit arabinofuranosidase activity against arabinoxylan, supporting the view that abf62A is not expressed in P. cellulosa. These data indicate that P. cellulosa expresses a membrane-bound glycoside hydrolase family 51 arabinofuranosidase that plays a pivotal role in releasing arabinose from polysaccharides and arabino-oligosaccharides.
Author(s): Beylot M-H, Emami K, McKie VA, Gilbert HJ, Pell G
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Biochemical Journal
ISSN (print): 0264-6021
ISSN (electronic): 1470-8728
Publisher: Portland Press Ltd
PubMed id: 11535121
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