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Testing the efficacy of 2 prototype brush heads for a powered toothbrush: Refining the model

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Giles McCrackenORCiD, Lynne Heasman, Fiona Stacey, Dr Nick Steen, Professor Peter Heasman


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Objectives: To compare 2 prototype powered toothbrush (PTB) heads (A, B) to a marketed head (Sensiflex 2000) for plaque removing efficacy on the Philips/Jordan HX2550 PTB. Materials and Methods: A 2-week, 3-group, single-blind trial recruited 78 volunteers (18-25). Plaque indices (PIs) were recorded at screening and 14 days later at baseline. Subjects were stratified (gender and PI) and then asked to abstain from oral hygiene measures for 48 h. A supervised episode of brushing with the allocated PTB head followed. Subjects then used the PTBs at home for the next 12 days before being asked to abstain from all oral hygiene measures for another 48 h prior to a second supervised brushing episode. Plaque was scored using a new modification of the Quigley & Hein Index (PI) at full mouth (FM), interproximal (IP) and smooth surfaces (SS). PIs were recorded before and after the supervised brushing episodes to enable the means of the within subject differences (pre- to post-brushing) to be compared between groups (ANOVA/t-tests). Results: There were no significant differences in PI between groups at baseline or prior to the supervised brushings (p>0.05). Highly significant, mean reductions in PIs (approximately 1/2 of one PI unit) were observed for design B compared with the Sensiflex 2000 at FM and IP sites (p<0.0001) for both supervised brushing episodes. A significant reduction in PI at SS was seen only after the first brushing episode (p=0.0004). For design A, PI reductions were consistently greater than those for the Sensiflex 2000 but differences were only significant at the p<0.05 level. Conclusion: It is concluded that this model of clinical trial has sufficient power to demonstrate clinical superiority with respect to plaque removal for PTBs and can be used for testing one or more prototype designs of brush heads. © Munksgaard, 2002.

Publication metadata

Author(s): McCracken GI, Heasman L, Stacey F, Steen N, De Jager M, Heasman PA

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Clinical Periodontology

Year: 2002

Volume: 29

Issue: 1

Pages: 42-47

Print publication date: 01/01/2002

ISSN (print): 0303-6979

ISSN (electronic): 1600-051X

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing


DOI: 10.1034/j.1600-051x.2002.290107.x

PubMed id: 11846848


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