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Lookup NU author(s): Professor Alison Tyson-Capper,
Professor Steve Robson,
Professor Nick Europe-Finner
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The factors involved in regulating alternative splicing of the human adenylyl cyclase stimulatory G-protein Gαs in different cell types remain undefined. We have designed a Gαs minigene that retains the signals required for Gαs alternative splicing in vivo. Employing transient transfection of human myometrial smooth muscle cells and HeLa cells, as well as in vitro splicing assays, we have provided evidence that the antagonistic splicing factors SF2/ASF and hnRNPA1 act as potent regulators of Gαs isoform expression in these cells. Both SF2/ASF and hnRNPA1 control the selection of competing 5′-splice sites and respectively promote inclusion or skipping of the small cassette-type exon 3 of Gαs transcripts, resulting in the generation of Gαs-long and Gαs-short mRNA isoforms. We have also provided evidence that SF2/ASF and hnRNPA1 play a role in 3′-splice site selection involving the use of a non-canonical TG 3′-splice site preceding exon 4. Using a score-matrix analysis to identify putative exonic enhancer sequences (ESEs), we found multiple high score ESE motifs for SF2/ASF, SC35, and SRp40 in exon 3 of Gαss. These results suggest that tissue-specific expression of SF2/ASF and hnRNPA1 governs the expression of alternative isoforms of Gαs in these different cells types.
Author(s): Pollard AJ, Krainer AR, Robson SC, Europe-Finner GN
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Journal of Biological Chemistry
ISSN (print): 0021-9258
ISSN (electronic): 1083-351X
Publisher: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.
PubMed id: 11825891
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