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Lookup NU author(s): Dr Gail Stark,
Professor Anne Dickinson,
Professor Graham Jackson,
Dr Penelope Taylor,
Professor Stephen Proctor,
Dr Peter Middleton
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Background. A single nucleotide polymorphism in the tumor necrosis factor type II receptor (TNFRII) gene, codon 196, results in the substitution of arginine (R allele) for methionine (M allele). The 196R allele is reportedly associated with an increased susceptibility to autoimmune disease, and donor 196R allele carriage correlates with increased severity of acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) after matched unrelated bone marrow transplantation (BMT). Methods. We investigated the impact of donor and recipient TNFRII genotype on GVHD incidence and severity among 104 adult recipients of myeloablative sibling BMTs. Results. 196R allele frequency was 0.28 among recipients, donors, and controls. There was an increased incidence of acute GVHD among 196R-positive recipients (odds ratio [OR] 3.6, P=0.05). This association was confirmed in multivariate analysis (relative risk 4, P=0.04), correcting for previously established clinical and genetic risk factors. Donor 196R homozygosity was associated with an increased incidence of extensive chronic GVHD (OR 18.5, P=0.02). This association was also confirmed in multivariate analysis (OR 11, P=0.02). To investigate the functional impact of the TNFRII 196 M/R polymorphism, 79 volunteer blood donors were genotyped at this locus, by polymerase chain reaction and single-strand conformational polymorphism analysis, and plasma soluble TNFRII (sTNFRII) levels were measured by ELISA. Mean plasma sTNFRII levels (pg/mL: ±SEM) were 1224 (±26) and 1063 (±65) for 196M-postive (196 M homozygous or heterozygous) individuals and 196R homozygotes, respectively (P=0.02). Conclusions. Because sTNFRIIs can act as TNF antagonists, the association between recipient and donor TNFRII 196R allele status and acute or extensive chronic GVHD incidence, respectively, may reflect reduced circulating sTNFRII.
Author(s): Stark, G. L., Dickinson, A. M., Jackson, G. H., Taylor, P. R. A., Proctor, S. J., Middleton, P. G.
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Print publication date: 27/12/2003
ISSN (print): 0041-1337
ISSN (electronic): 1534-6080
PubMed id: 14688526
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