Browse by author
Lookup NU author(s): Professor Margaret Bassendine,
Professor David Jones
Full text for this publication is not currently held within this repository. Alternative links are provided below where available.
Background and aim: Fatigue is the commonest symptom in primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC), affecting individuals at all stages of disease. The pathogenesis of fatigue in PBC is unknown although rat models suggest a central nervous system (CNS) cause. We examined the hypothesis that a CNS abnormality related to cholestasis, rather than cirrhosis per se, underlies this symptom. Patients and methods: Fourteen patients with precirrhotic PBC (stage I-II disease), four patients with stage III-IV PBC, and 11 healthy women were studied using cerebral magnetisation contrast imaging and proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS). Results: The globus pallidus magnetisation transfer ratio (MTR), a quantifiable tissue characteristic that may be abnormal in the presence of normal magnetic resonance imaging, was significantly reduced in precirrhotic PBC patients compared with healthy controls. These measurements correlated with blood manganese levels and were more abnormal in the more fatigued subjects. There were no differences in MRS measurements between the three study groups, suggesting that the abnormal MTR was not related to hepatic encephalopathy. Conclusion: This study suggests that impairments in liver function in PBC may adversely affect the brain long before the development of cirrhosis and hepatic encephalopathy, possibly as a result of altered manganese homeostasis within the CNS.
Author(s): Forton DM, Patel N, Prince M, Oatridge A, Hamilton G, Goldblatt J, Allsop JM, Hajnal JV, Thomas HC, Bassendine M, Jones DEJ, Taylor-Robinson SD
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
ISSN (print): 0017-5749
ISSN (electronic): 1468-3288
Publisher: BMJ Publishing Group
PubMed id: 15016756
Altmetrics provided by Altmetric