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Placental Fas and Fas ligand expression in normal early, term and molar pregnancy

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Roger Searle, Dr Judith Bulmer


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To clarify the Fas and Fas-ligand status of normal and molar trophoblast, the expression of Fas and FasL by placental trophoblast populations in partial and complete hydatidiform moles was compared with that in normal first trimester and term pregnancies using an avidin-biotin peroxidase technique on frozen and formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded placental tissues with both monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies. The TUNEL technique was used to detect apoptotic cells in the same tissues. The immunoreactivity for Fas and Fas-ligand was comparable with both monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies on frozen as well as paraffin-embedded sections. In normal early and molar pregnancy there was strong FasL expression by villous cytotrophoblast and syncytiotrophoblast. However, there were significant differences in FasL expression by trophoblast subpopulations in both early and term normal pregnancy and between the same trophoblast subpopulation at different gestations, with FasL staining generally being weaker at term. Strong FasL staining by cytotrophoblast cells in the distal parts of cell columns contrasted with unstained cytotrophoblast in the proximal part of columns. Distinct trophoblast subpopulations in partial hydatidiform mole also differentially expressed FasL with reduced FasL expression in proliferating syncytiotrophoblast. In contrast there was no differential FasL expression in complete hydatidiform mole, all trophoblast subpopulations strongly expressing FasL. Unlike the differential expression of FasL there were no differences in Fas expression by trophoblast populations in normal early or term placental tissues. Fas expression was reduced in villous cytotrophoblast at term. Differential expression of Fas by different trophoblast subpopulations was noted in partial and complete hydatidiform mole. In complete mole villous cytotrophoblast and syncytiotrophoblast stained strongly compared with proliferating trophoblast. Using TUNEL labelling apoptosis was rarely detected in placental trophoblast. Differential Fas and FasL expression by trophoblast subpopulations in normal and pathological pregnancy does not appear to be related to apoptosis of trophoblast. © 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Pongcharoen S, Searle RF, Bulmer JN

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Placenta

Year: 2004

Volume: 25

Issue: 4

Pages: 321-330

ISSN (print): 0143-4004

ISSN (electronic): 1532-3102

Publisher: Elsevier


DOI: 10.1016/j.placenta.2003.08.020

PubMed id: 15028424


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