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Social transformation and participatory planning in St Lucia

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Jonathan Pugh


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In this paper I seek to highlight some differences between elite systems of participatory planning, on the one hand, and class-driven social transformation in St Lucia, on the other. In doing so, I refer to two periods in time in St Lucia's history. The first is between 1840 and 1957, when the agricultural system of metayage dominated. This example will be used to illustrate a period of time when social transformation was driven by the peasant classes, acting against the power of the plantocracy, giving the peasant class greater control over the means of agricultural production and land. The second period of time I focus upon is the post-independence period, after 1979, when participatory planning techniques are used by a narrow group of environmentalist elites in order to attempt to implement their vision for sustainable development. The difference illustrates the substantial material and social aspirations within the population, on the one hand, and the narrow concerns of a group of elites on the other. © Royal Geographical Society (with The Institute of British Geographers) 2005.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Pugh J

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Area

Year: 2005

Volume: 37

Issue: 4

Pages: 384-392

Print publication date: 01/12/2005

ISSN (print): 0004-0894

ISSN (electronic): 1475-4762


DOI: 10.1111/j.1475-4762.2005.00654.x


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