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"The W and M are mixing me up": Use of a visual code in verbal short-term memory tasks

Lookup NU author(s): Professor David Howard


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When normal participants are presented with written verbal short-term memory tasks (e.g., remembering a set of letters for immediate spoken recall) there is evidence to suggest that the information is re-coded into phonological form. This paper presents a single case study of MJK whose reading follows the pattern of phonological dyslexia. In short-term memory tasks MJK does not phonologically re-code written materials but, it is argued, uses a visual code. There are three main lines of evidence for this, (a) MJK tends to substitute visually similar items for one another, (b) her performance is better with visual than auditory stimuli, and (c) she is able to remember numbers (e.g., 8) better than written words (e.g., eight). Investigation of short-term memory in others with phonological dyslexia is warranted. © 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Best W, Howard D

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Brain and Cognition

Year: 2005

Volume: 58

Issue: 3

Pages: 274-285

ISSN (print): 0278-2626

ISSN (electronic): 1090-2147

Publisher: Academic Press


DOI: 10.1016/j.bandc.2004.12.005

PubMed id: 15963378


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