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Prevalence of metabolic abnormalities in the Tunisian adults: A population based study

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Hugh Alberti


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Aims: To estimate the prevalence of individual metabolic abnormalities and the cluster of metabolic abnormalities in a representative sample of the Tunisian adult population and to identify their relationship with gender, age and residency. The definition used is an adaptation of the NCEP ATP III definition, using total cholesterol ≥5.2 mmol/l instead of HDL-cholesterol. Materials and methods: We used a sample of the Tunisian National Nutrition Survey (TNNS), a cross-sectional health survey conducted in 1996, to estimate the nutritional status of the population. The TNNS included 2 927 adults aged 20 years or older who had measurements of height, body weight, waist circumference, blood pressure, fasting plasma glucose, total cholesterol and triglycerides. The cluster of metabolic abnormalities was defined as the presence of three or more metabolic abnormalities. Results: The prevalence of abdominal obesity, hypertriglyceridemia, high total cholesterol, high blood pressure and high fasting plasma glucose was, respectively, 9%, 23%, 24%, 45% and 15% in men and 33%, 19%, 29%, 44% and 15% in women. The prevalence of the cluster was more frequent in women than in men (18% versus 13%, P<0.001) and in those living in urban communities (21% in women, 16% in men) rather than rural communities (11% in women, 8% in men) (P<0.001). The prevalence also increased significantly with age (P<0.001). Conclusion: The cluster of metabolic abnormalities and its components are common in the Tunisian adult population and prevalence increases significantly with female sex, urban residency and age. © 2006 Masson, all rights reserved.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Bouguerra R, Ben Salem L, Alberti H, Ben Rayana C, El Atti J, Blouza S, Gaigi S, Achour A, Ben Slama C, Zouari B

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Diabetes and Metabolism

Year: 2006

Volume: 32

Issue: 3

Pages: 215-221

ISSN (print): 1262-3636

ISSN (electronic): 1878-1780

Publisher: Elsevier Masson


DOI: 10.1016/S1262-3636(07)70271-9

PubMed id: 16799397


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