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Relationship between transport accessibility and land value: Local model approach with geographically weighted regression

Lookup NU author(s): Hongbo Du, Dr Corinne Mulley

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Abstract

In recent years, land value capture has attracted increasing attention because of its potential for funding transport infrastructure. It is well acknowledged that transport infrastructure can improve accessibility to employment and amenities; thus one might expect that it is the improved accessibility that adds value to land. Therefore, the issues in the relationship between transport accessibility and land value rise in connection with the concept of land value capture. A study looked at the relationship between transport accessibility and land value with the implication of a local model, geographically weighted regression (GWR). Traditional techniques, such as hedonic models, used to understand the attributes of land value, are global models that could be misleading in examining the spatially varying relationships, such as transport accessibility and land value. By using the Tyne and Wear region in the United Kingdom as a case study, the study revealed that nonstationarity existing in the relationship between transport accessibility and land value indicates that transport accessibility may have a positive effect on land value in some areas but a negative or no effect in others; this suggests that a uniform land value capture would be inappropriate. The use of GWR allows such spatially varying relationships to be revealed, leading to a better understanding of the factors determining positive land value uplift and the implications of spatially dependent transport access premiums in housing values in the context of value capture policies.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Du H, Mulley CA

Publication type: Conference Proceedings (inc. Abstract)

Publication status: Published

Conference Name: 85th Annual Meeting of the Transportation-Research-Board

Year of Conference: 2006

Pages: 197-205

ISSN: 0361-1981

Publisher: Transportation Research Record, US National Research Council

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3141/1977-25

DOI: 10.3141/1977-25

Library holdings: Search Newcastle University Library for this item

ISBN: 0309099870


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