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Stabilization of a dialkylstannylene by unusual B-H⋯Sn γ-agostic-type interactions. A structural, spectroscopic, and DFT study

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Keith Izod, Emeritus Professor William McFarlane, Brent Tyson, Emeritus Professor Bill CleggORCiD, Dr Ross Harrington


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The reaction between SnCl2 and the lithium salt [[{nPr 2P(BH3)}(Me3Si)CCH2]Li(THF) 2]2 yields the cyclic dialkylstannylene [{nPr 2P(BH3)}(Me3Si)CCH2]2Sn (6) as a 1:1 mixture of rac and meso diastereomers. Fractional crystallization from n-hexane gives samples of pure rac-6 and meso-6 which have been studied by X-ray crystallography, UV/visible, infrared, and multi-element NMR spectroscopy. In the solid state, rac-6 exhibits two short agostic-type B-H⋯Sn contacts, one to each BH3 group, whereas meso-6, in which both BH3 groups lie on the same side of the heterocycle, exhibits a single B-H⋯Sn contact. Multi-element and variable-temperature NMR spectroscopy suggests that these contacts persist in solution, resulting in unusual 119Sn chemical shifts of 587 and 787 ppm for the rac and meso diastereomers, respectively, significantly upfield in comparison to other dialkylstannylenes. Variable-temperature 1H, 31P{ 1H}, and 11B{1H} NMR studies reveal dynamic equilibria for the meso diastereomer involving competitive binding of the two BH3 groups to the electron-deficient tin center and restricted rotation about the P-C bond of the free phosphine-borane group. DFT studies confirm that the B-H⋯Sn contacts are an integral part of the structures; the HOMO and LUMO of both stereoisomers are comprised of an orbital of essentially 5p character on tin and an orbital of predominantly 5p character on tin perpendicular to the plane of the heterocycle, respectively. There is significant donation of electron density from the B-H σ-bonds to the vacant 5p orbital on tin; these B-H⋯Sn interactions stabilize the electron-deficient Sn(II) center by 30 kcal mol-1 for meso-6 and 40 kcal mol-1 for rac-6. © 2006 American Chemical Society.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Izod K, McFarlane W, Tyson BV, Carr I, Clegg W, Harrington RW

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Organometallics

Year: 2006

Volume: 25

Issue: 5

Pages: 1135-1143

ISSN (print): 0276-7333

ISSN (electronic): 1520-6041

Publisher: American Chemical Society


DOI: 10.1021/om0600036


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