Toggle Main Menu Toggle Search

Open Access padlockePrints

Promiscuous, non-catalytic, tandem carbohydrate-binding modules modulate the cell-wall structure and development of transgenic tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) plants

Lookup NU author(s): Emeritus Professor Harry Gilbert



We have compared heterologous expression of two types of carbohydrate binding module (CBM) in tobacco cell walls. These are the promiscuous CBM29 modules (a tandem CBM29-1-2 and its single derivative CBM29-2), derived from a non-catalytic protein1, NCP1, of the Piromyces equi cellulase/hemicellulase complex, and the less promiscuous tandem CBM2b-1-2 from the Cellulomonas fimi xylanase 11A. CBM-labelling studies revealed that CBM29-1-2 binds indiscriminately to every tissue of the wild-type tobacco stem whereas binding of CBM2b-1-2 was restricted to vascular tissue. The promiscuous CBM29-1-2 had much more pronounced effects on transgenic tobacco plants than the less promiscuous CBM2b-1-2. Reduced stem elongation and prolonged juvenility, resulting in delayed flower development, were observed in transformants expressing CBM29-1-2 whereas such growth phenotypes were not observed for CBM2b-1-2 plants. Histological examination and electron microscopy revealed layers of collapsed cortical cells in the stems of CBM29-1-2 plants whereas cellular deformation in the stem cortical cells of CBM2b-1-2 transformants was less severe. Altered cell expansion was also observed in most parts of the CBM29-1-2 stem whereas for the CBM2b-1-2 stem this was observed in the xylem cells only. The cellulose content of the transgenic plants was not altered. These results support the hypothesis that CBMs can modify cell wall structure leading to modulation of wall loosening and plant growth. © 2007 The Botanical Society of Japan and Springer.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Obembe OO, Jacobsen E, Timmers J, Gilbert H, Blake AW, Knox JP, Visser RGF, Vincken J-P

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Plant Research

Year: 2007

Volume: 120

Issue: 5

Pages: 605-617

Print publication date: 01/09/2007

ISSN (print): 0918-9440

ISSN (electronic): 1618-0860

Publisher: Springer


DOI: 10.1007/s10265-007-0099-7

PubMed id: 17622484


Altmetrics provided by Altmetric