Browse by author
Lookup NU author(s): Dr Angela Jones,
Emeritus Professor Chris SealORCiD
Full text for this publication is not currently held within this repository. Alternative links are provided below where available.
Epidemiological evidence suggests that higher consumption of whole-grain foods can significantly reduce the risk of chronic diseases such as CVD, type 2 diabetes and some cancers. The present study compares whole-grain intake of 2086 adults aged 16-64 years from the 1986-7 Dietary and Nutritional Survey of British Adults with that of 1692 adults aged 19-64 years from the 2000-1 National Diet and Nutrition Survey. For each survey, whole-grain intake was estimated from consumption of all foods containing ≥10% whole-grain content (as DM/fresh weight of food) from 7 d weighed dietary records. In 1986-7, median whole-grain intake was 16 (interquartile range 0-45) g/d v. 14 (interquartile range 0-36) g/d in 2000-1 (P<0.001). In 1986-7, 77% of adults had less than three 16 g amounts of whole-grain intake/d; 25% reported no whole-grain intake. In 2000-1, corresponding percentages were 84 and 29 %, respectively. Foods with <51% whole-grain content provided 18% of whole-grain intake in 1986-7 v. 27% in 2000-1 (P<0.001). In both surveys, whole-grain intake was significantly lower among adults with a manual v. non-manual occupation (indicative of lower socio-economic status) and among smokers v. non-smokers, independent of occupational social class. In 1986-7, whole-grain breakfast cereals and wholemeal bread contributed 28 and 48% of whole-grain intake, respectively, v. 45 and 31% in 2000-1. At each time, one-third of adults consumed neither of these two largest contributors to whole-grain intak. Findings from the present study suggest that whole-grain intake of British adults was low in 1986-7 and became even lower over the subsequent decade. © The Authors 2007.
Author(s): Thane CW, Jones AR, Stephen AM, Seal CJ, Jebb SA
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: British Journal of Nutrition
Print publication date: 01/05/2007
ISSN (print): 0007-1145
ISSN (electronic): 1475-2662
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
PubMed id: 17381971
Altmetrics provided by Altmetric