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Acetylcholine exerts additive and permissive but not synergistic effects with insulin on glycogen synthesis in hepatocytes

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Laura Hampson, Professor Loranne Agius


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Parasympathetic (cholinergic) innervation is implicated in the stimulation of hepatic glucose uptake by portal vein hyperglycaemia. We determined the direct effects of acetylcholine on hepatocytes. Acute exposure to acetylcholine mimicked insulin action on inactivation of phosphorylase, stimulation of glycogen synthesis and suppression of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase mRNA levels but with lower efficacy and without synergy. Pre-exposure to acetylcholine had a permissive effect on insulin action similar to glucocorticoids and associated with increased glucokinase activity. It is concluded that acetylcholine has a permissive effect on insulin action but cannot fully account for the rapid stimulation of glucose uptake by the portal signal. © 2007 Federation of European Biochemical Societies.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Hampson LJ, Agius L

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: FEBS Letters

Year: 2007

Volume: 581

Issue: 21

Pages: 3955-3960

ISSN (print): 0014-5793

ISSN (electronic): 1873-3468

Publisher: Elsevier BV


DOI: 10.1016/j.febslet.2007.07.026

PubMed id: 17662981


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