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Estimation of renal function and its potential impact on carboplatin dosing in children with cancer

Lookup NU author(s): Mike Cole, Professor Alan Boddy, Dr Michael Keir, Professor Gareth Veal

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Abstract

Renal function-based carboplatin dosing is used routinely in paediatric oncology clinical practice. It is important that accurate assessments of renal function are carried out consistently across clinical centres, a view supported by recently published British Nuclear Medicine Society (BNMS) guidelines for measuring glomerular filtration rate (GFR). These guidelines recommend the use of a radioisotope method for GFR determination, with between two and five blood samples taken starting 2 h after radioisotope injection and application of the Brochner-Mortensen (BM) correction factor. To study the likely impact of these guidelines, we have investigated current practices of measuring GFR in all 21 Children's Cancer and Leukaemia Group (CCLG) paediatric oncology centres in the United Kingdom. This information was used to evaluate the potential impact on renal function-based carboplatin dosing using raw 51Cr-EDTA clearance data from 337 GFR tests carried out in children with cancer. A questionnaire survey revealed that between two and four samples were taken after isotope administration, with BM and Chantler corrections used in 38% (8/21) and 28% (6/21) of centres, respectively. A change from Chantler to BM correction, based on the BNMS guidelines, would result in a >10% decrease in carboplatin dose in at least 15% of patients and a >25% decrease in 2% of patients. A greater proportion of patients would have an alteration in carboplatin dose when centres not using any correction factor implement the BM correction. The increase in estimated 51Cr-EDTA half-life observed by omitting the 1 h sample decreases carboplatin dose by >10% in 23-52% of patients and by >25% in 3% of patients. This study highlights current variations in renal function measurement between clinical centres and the potential impact on carboplatin dosing. A standard methodology for estimating GFR should be followed to achieve uniform dosing in children with cancer. © 2008 Cancer Research UK.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Chinnaswamy G, Cole M, Boddy AV, Keir M, Price L, Parry AP, English M, Veal GJ

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: British Journal of Cancer

Year: 2008

Volume: 99

Issue: 6

Pages: 894-899

ISSN (print): 0007-0920

ISSN (electronic): 1532-1827

Publisher: Nature Publishing Group

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.bjc.6604612

DOI: 10.1038/sj.bjc.6604612


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