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Lookup NU author(s): Dr Elaine Willmore,
Professor Jeremy Lakey,
Professor Caroline Austin
We report for the first time an analysis of the ATPase activity of human DNA topoisomerase (topo) IIbeta. We show that topo IIbeta is a DNA-dependent ATPase that appears to fit Michaelis-Menten kinetics. The ATPase activity is stimulated 44-fold by DNA. The k(cat) for ATP hydrolysis by human DNA topo IIbeta in the presence of DNA is 2.25 s(-1). We have characterised a topo IIbeta derivative which carries a mutation in the ATPase domain (S165R). S165R reduced the k(cat) for ATP hydrolysis by 7-fold, to 0.32 s(-1), while not significantly altering the apparent K-m. The specificity constant for the interaction between ATP and topo IIbeta (k(cat)/K-mapp) showed a 90% reduction for betaS165R. The DNA binding affinity and ATP-independent DNA cleavage activity of the enzyme are unaffected by this mutation. However, the strand passage activity is reduced by 80%, presumably due to reduced ATP hydrolysis. The mutant enzyme is unable to complement ts yeast topo II in vivo. We have used computer modelling to predict the arrangement of key residues at the ATPase active site of topo IIbeta. Ser165 is predicted to lie very close to the bound nucleotide, and the S165R mutation could thus influence both ATP binding and ADP dissociation.
Author(s): West, K. L., Turnbull, R. M., Willmore, E., Lakey, J. H., Austin, C. A.
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Nucleic Acids Research
ISSN (print): 0305-1048
ISSN (electronic): 1362-4954
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