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Lookup NU author(s): Dr Sara Prest,
Dr Felicity May,
Professor Bruce Westley
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The human trefoil protein TFF1 is a small cysteine-rich secreted protein that is frequently expressed in breast tumors under the control of estrogen. The function of TFF1 in breast cancer is unknown. To test the hypothesis that it promotes tumor dissemination, we produced recombinant TFF1 and assessed its ability to stimulate the movement of breast cancer cells by using in vitro wounding and migration assays. Recombinant TFF1 stimulated migration at concentrations of TFF1 found in culture medium. Migration of MCF-7 breast cancer cells, which secrete TFF1, was stimulated by lower concentrations of TFF1 than MDA MB231 cells that do not produce TFF1. Dimeric TFF1, linked by a disulfide bond, and monomeric TFF1 are produced by estrogen-responsive breast cancer cell lines. Recombinant TFF1 dimer was eightfold more potent than TFF1 monomer, implying that the interaction of TFF1 with its receptor is facilitated by dimerization. The majority of TFF1-stimulated migration resulted from chemotaxis, but dimeric TFF1 stimulated some chemokinesis. These results show that estrogens can stimulate the motility of breast cancer cells via the induction of TFF1 and suggest that one reason for the efficacy of hormonal therapies is their ability to reduce expression of TFF1 and, hence, the migration of breast tumor cells.
Author(s): Prest SJ, May FEB, Westley BR
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: The FASEB Journal
ISSN (print): 0892-6638
ISSN (electronic): 1530-6860
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