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Lookup NU author(s): Professor Brendan Kenny
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Tir, the translocated intimin receptor of enteropathogenic and enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EPEC and EHEC) and Citrobacter rodentium, is translocated into the host cell by a filamentous type III secretion system. Epithelial cell culture has demonstrated that Tir tyrosine phosphorylation is necessary for attaching effacing (A/E) lesion formation by EPEC and C. rodentium, but is not required by EHEC O157:H7. Recent in vivo work on C. rodentium has reported that Tir translocation, but not its phosphorylation, is necessary for colonization of the mouse colon. In this study we investigated the involvement of Tir and its tyrosine phosphorylation in EPEC and EHEC human intestinal colonization, N-WASP accumulation and F-actin recruitment using in vitro organ culture (IVOC). We showed that both EPEC and EHEC Tir are translocated into human intestinal epithelium during IVOC and that Tir is necessary for ex vivo intestinal colonization by both EPEC and EHEC. EPEC, but not EHEC, Tir is tyrosine phosphorylated but Tir phosphorylation-deficient mutants still colonize intestinal explants. While EPEC Tir recruits the host adaptor protein Nck to initiate N-WASP-Arp2/3-mediated actin polymerization, Tir derivatives deficient in tyrosine phosphorylation recruit N-WASP independently of Nck indicating the presence of a tyrosine phosphorylation-independent mechanism of A/E lesion formation and actin recruitment ex vivo by EPEC in man.
Author(s): Schuller S, Chong YW, Lewin J, Kenny B, Frankel G, Phillips AD
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Cellular Microbiology
ISSN (print): 1462-5814
ISSN (electronic): 1462-5822
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
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