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DNA mismatch repair pathway defects in the pathogenesis and evolution of myeloma

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Mark Velangi, Elizabeth Matheson, Professor Graham Jackson, Dr Penelope Taylor, Emeritus Professor Andy Hall, Professor Julie Irving

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Abstract

Genetic instability is a prominent feature in multiple myeloma and progression of this disease from monoclonal gammopathy of uncertain significance (MGUS) and smouldering myeloma (SMM) is associated with increasing molecular and chromosomal abnormalities. The DNA mismatch repair (MMR) pathway is a post-replicational DNA repair system that maintains genetic stability by repairing mismatched bases and insertion/deletion loops mistakenly incorporated during DNA replication. Deficiencies in proteins pivotal to this pathway result in a higher mutation rate, particularly at regions of microsatellite DNA. We have investigated the proficiency of the MMR pathway in clinical samples and myeloma cell lines. Microsatellite analysis showed instability at one or more of nine loci examined in 15 from 92 patients: 7.7% of MGUS/SMM, 20.7% of MM/plasma cell leukaemia (PCL) and 12.5% of relapsed MM/PCL. An in vitro heteroduplex G/T repair assay found reduced repair in two cell lines, JIM1 and JIM3, and in two of four PCL cases and was associated with aberrant expression of at least one mismatch repair protein. Thus we show that MMR defects are found in plasma cell dyscrasias and the increased frequency during more active stages of the disease suggests a contributory role in disease progression.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Velangi MR, Matheson EC, Morgan GJ, Jackson GH, Taylor PRA, Hall AG, Irving JAE

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Carcinogenesis

Year: 2004

Volume: 25

Issue: 10

Pages: 1795-1803

ISSN (print): 0143-3334

ISSN (electronic): 1460-2180

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/bgh187

DOI: 10.1093/carcin/bgh187

PubMed id: 15142887


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