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Induction of scattering and cellular invasion by trefoil peptides in src- and RhoA-transformed kidney and colonic epithelial cells

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Felicity May, Professor Bruce Westley


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Trefoil factors (TFFs) are protease-resistant peptides that promote epithelial cell migration and mucosal restitution during inflammatory conditions and wound healing in the gastrointestinal tract. To date, the molecular mechanism of TFFs action and their possible role in tumor progression are unclear. In the present study, we observed that premalignant human colonic PC/AA/C1 and canine kidney MDCK epithelial cells are not competent to invade collagen gels in response to exogenously added TFFs (pS2, spasmolytic polypeptide, and intestinal trefoil factor). In contrast, activated src and RhoA exert permissive induction of invasion by the TFFs that produce similar parallel dose-response curves in src-transformed MDCKts.src and PCmsrc cells (EC50=20-40 nM). Cell scattering is also induced by TFFs in MDCKts.src cells. Stable expression of the pS2 cDNA promotes constitutive invasiveness in MDCKts.src-pS2 cells and human colonic HCT8/S11-pS2 cells established from a sporadic tumor. Furthermore, we found that TEE-mediated cellular invasion is dependent of several signaling pathways implicated in cell transformation and survival, including phosphoinositide PI3'-kinase, phospholipase C, protein kinase C, and the rapamycin target TOR. Constitutive and intense expression of pS2 was revealed by Western blot analyses and immunohistochemistry in human colorectal tumors and their adjacent control mucosa during the neoplastic progression, from the adenoma to the liver metastases. Our studies indicated that TFFs can be involved in cell scattering and tumor invasion via autocrine loops and may serve as potential targets in the control of colon cancer progression.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Emami S, Le Floch N, Bruyneel E, Thim L, May FEB, Westley BR, Rio MC, Mareel M, Gespach C

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: The FASEB Journal

Year: 2001

Volume: 15

Issue: 2

Pages: 351-361

ISSN (print): 0892-6638

ISSN (electronic): 1530-6860

Publisher: Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology


DOI: 10.1096/fj.00-0355com


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