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Lookup NU author(s): Professor Julia NewtonORCiD,
Professor David Jones
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Background: Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is common and its cause is unknown. Aim: To study the prevalence of autonomic dysfunction in CFS, and to develop diagnostic criteria. Design: Cross-sectional study with independent derivation and validation phases. Methods: Symptoms of autonomic dysfunction were assessed using the Composite Autonomic Symptom Scale (COMPASS). Fatigue was assessed using the Fatigue Impact Scale (FIS). Subjects were studied in two groups: phase 1 (derivation phase), 40 CFS patients and 40 age- and sex-matched controls; phase 2 (validation phase), 30 CFS patients, 37 normal controls and 60 patients with primary biliary cirrhosis. Results: Symptoms of autonomic dysfunction were strongly and reproducibly associated with the presence of CFS or primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC), and correlated with severity of fatigue. Total COMPASS score > 32.5 was identified in phase I as a diagnostic criterion for autonomic dysfunction in CFS patients, and was shown in phase 2 to have a positive predictive value of 0.96 (95%Cl 0.86-0.99) and a negative predictive value of 0.84 (0.70-0.93) for the diagnosis of CFS. Discussion: Autonomic dysfunction is strongly associated with fatigue in some, but not all, CFS and PBC patients. We postulate the existence of a 'cross-cutting' aetiological process of dysautonomia-associated fatigue (DAF). COMPASS >32.5 is a valid diagnostic criterion for autonomic dysfunction in CFS and PBC, and can be used to identify patients for targeted intervention studies.
Author(s): Newton JL, Okonkwo O, Sutcliffe K, Seth A, Shin J, Jones DEJ
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: QJM: an international journal of medicine
ISSN (print): 1460-2725
ISSN (electronic): 1460-2393
Publisher: Oxford University Press
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