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Establishment and validation of a standard protocol for the detection of minimal residual disease in B lineage childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia by flow cytometry in a multi-center setting

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Julie Irving, Marian Case, Lynne Minto, Sally Lawson


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Minimal residual disease detection, used for clinical management of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia, can be performed by molecular analysis of antigen-receptor gene rearrangements or by flow cytometric analysis of aberrant immunophenotypes. For flow minimal residual disease to be incorporated into larger national and international trials, a quality assured, standardized method is needed which can be performed in a multi-center setting. We report a four color, flow cytometric protocol established and validated by the UK acute lymphoblastic leukemia Flow minimal residual disease group. Quality assurance testing gave high inter-laboratory agreement with no values differing from a median consensus value by more than one point on a logarithmic scale. Prospective screening of B-ALL patients (n=206) showed the method was applicable to 88.3% of patients. The minimal residual disease in bone marrow aspirates was quantified and compared to molecular data. The combined risk category concordance (minimal residual disease levels above or below 0.01%) was 86% (n=134). Thus, this standardized protocol is highly reproducible between laboratories, sensitive, applicable, and shows good concordance with molecular-based analysis.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Irving JAE, Jesson J, Virgo P, Case MC, Minto CLJ, Eyre L, Noel N, Johansson U, Macey M, Knotts L, Helliwell M, Davies P, Whitby L, Barnett D, Hancock J, Goulden N, Lawson S

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Haematologica

Year: 2009

Volume: 94

Issue: 6

Pages: 870-874

ISSN (print): 0390-6078

ISSN (electronic): 1592-8721

Publisher: Fondazione Ferrata Storti


DOI: 10.3324/haematol.2008.000414


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