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Lookup NU author(s): Dr Amy Erhorn,
Dr Nick Watkins
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Eukaryotic 18S rRNA processing is mediated by the small subunit (SSU) processome, a machine comprised of the U3 small nucleolar RNP (U3 snoRNP), tUTP, bUTP, MPP10, and BMS1/RCL1 subcomplexes. We report that the human SSU processome is a dynamic structure with the recruitment and release of subcomplexes occurring during the early stages of ribosome biogenesis. A novel 50S U3 snoRNP accumulated when either pre-rRNA transcription was blocked or the tUTP proteins were depleted. This complex did not contain the tUTP, bUTP, MPP10, and BMS1/RCL1 subcomplexes but was associated with the RNA-binding proteins nucleolin and RRP5 and the RNA helicase DBP4. Our data suggest that the 50S U3 snoRNP is an SSU assembly intermediate that is likely recruited to the pre-rRNA through the RNA-binding proteins nucleolin and RRP5. We predict that nucleolin is only transiently associated with the SSU processome and likely leaves the complex not long after 50S U3 snoRNP recruitment. The nucleolin-binding site potentially overlaps that of several other key factors, and we propose that this protein must leave the SSU processome for pre-rRNA processing to occur.
Author(s): Turner AJ, Knox AA, Prieto JL, McStay B, Watkins NJ
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Molecular and Cellular Biology
ISSN (print): 0270-7306
ISSN (electronic): 1098-5549
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology
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