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The Relationship between the Aging- and Photo-Dependent T414G Mitochondrial DNA Mutation with Cellular Senescence and Reactive Oxygen Species Production in Cultured Skin Fibroblasts

Lookup NU author(s): Matthew Birket, Dr Joao Passos, Professor Thomas von Zglinicki, Professor Mark Birch-Machin

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Abstract

Mutations in the mitochondrial genome (mtDNA) are thought to be one of the causes of age-dependent cellular decline through their detrimental effects on respiration or reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. However, for many mutations, this link has not been clearly established. This study aimed to further investigate the phenotypic importance of a T414G mutation within the control region of mtDNA, previously shown to accumulate in both chronologically and photoaged human skin. We demonstrate that during dermal skin fibroblast replication in vitro in five separate cultures obtained from elderly individuals, the T414G mutant load can either increase or decrease during progressive cell division, implying the absence of consistent selection against the mutation in this context. In support of this, by utilizing a cell-sorting approach, we demonstrate that the level of the T414G mutation does not directly correlate with increased or decreased mtDNA copy number, or markers of cellular ageing including lipofuscin accumulation or ROS production. By consequence, the mutation can be distributed with a bias towards either the proliferating or senescent cell populations depending on the cell line. In conclusion, we propose that this particular mutation may have little effect on ROS production and the onset of cellular senescence in cultured fibroblasts. Journal of Investigative Dermatology (2009) 129, 1361-1366; doi:10.1038/jid.2008.373; published online 4 December 2008


Publication metadata

Author(s): Birket MJ, Passos JF, von Zglinicki T, Birch-Machin MA

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Investigative Dermatology

Year: 2009

Volume: 129

Issue: 6

Pages: 1361-1366

ISSN (print): 0022-202X

ISSN (electronic): 1523-1747

Publisher: Nature Publishing Group

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/jid.2008.373

DOI: 10.1038/jid.2008.373


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