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Optimization and Comparison of Linear Transverse Flux and Flux Switching Machines

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Nick BakerORCiD, Junnan Wang, Dr Glynn Atkinson



This paper investigates the design of alternative permanent magnet linear machines for use as the generator in a free piston engine. All of the machines are of a modulated pole structure with three dimensional flux flows. In transverse flux machines such as these, the current flows in a different plane to the flux path, eliminating the usual conflict between electric and magnetic loading. For a linear machine, the mass of magnets used is sensitive to whether the magnets are mounted on the stator or translator. Hence this paper compares transverse flux machines with translator mounted magnets and flux switching machines with stator mounted magnets. A three dimensional finite element analysis of each topology is run through an optimization routine in order to investigate the magnet usage, power factor and other performance criteria. It is concluded that flux switching machine is uncompetitive due to the 65% flux leakage even with improved tooth structure, moreover the transverse flux machine is shown to perform better overall, giving a better power factor, better efficiency and lower translator mass as a whole flux switching machine is not match for free piston engine applications.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Baker NJ, Wang J, Atkinson GJ

Publication type: Conference Proceedings (inc. Abstract)

Publication status: Published

Conference Name: 2016 XXII International Conference on Electrical Machines (ICEM)

Year of Conference: 2016

Online publication date: 03/11/2016

Acceptance date: 07/09/2016

Date deposited: 07/12/2016

Publisher: IEEE


DOI: 10.1109/ICELMACH.2016.7732868

Sponsor(s): IEEE