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Single-cell RNA-seq reveals new types of human blood dendritic cells, monocytes, and progenitors

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Gary ReynoldsORCiD, James Fletcher, Dr Laura JardineORCiD, David Dixon, Dr Emily StephensonORCiD, Dr David McDonald, Professor Andrew FilbyORCiD, Professor Muzlifah Haniffa



This is the authors' accepted manuscript of an article that has been published in its final definitive form by American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2017.

For re-use rights please refer to the publisher's terms and conditions.


Dendritic cells (DCs) and monocytes play a central role in pathogen sensing, phagocytosis, and antigen presentation and consist of multiple specialized subtypes. However, their identities and interrelationships are not fully understood. Using unbiased single-cell RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) of ~2400 cells, we identified six human DCs and four monocyte subtypes in human blood. Our study reveals a new DC subset that shares properties with plasmacytoid DCs (pDCs) but potently activates T cells, thus redefining pDCs; a new subdivision within the CD1C+ subset of DCs; the relationship between blastic plasmacytoid DC neoplasia cells and healthy DCs; and circulating progenitor of conventional DCs (cDCs). Our revised taxonomy will enable more accurate functional and developmental analyses as well as immune monitoring in health and disease.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Villani A-C, Satija R, Reynolds G, Sarkizova S, Shekhar K, Fletcher J, Griesbeck M, Butler A, Zheng S, Lazo S, Jardine L, Dixon D, Stephenson E, Nilsson E, Grundberg I, McDonald D, Filby A, Li W, De Jager PL, Rozenblatt-Rosen O, Lane AA, Haniffa M, Regev A, Hacohen N

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Science

Year: 2017

Volume: 356

Issue: 6335

Print publication date: 21/04/2017

Online publication date: 21/04/2017

Acceptance date: 07/03/2017

Date deposited: 07/07/2017

ISSN (print): 0036-8075

ISSN (electronic): 1095-9203

Publisher: American Association for the Advancement of Science


DOI: 10.1126/science.aah4573

PubMed id: 28428369


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