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Static and dynamic cues in vowel production in Hijazi Arabic

Lookup NU author(s): Wael Almurashi, Dr Jalal-eddin Al-TamimiORCiD, Professor Ghada Khattab



This is the authors' accepted manuscript of a conference proceedings (inc. abstract) that has been published in its final definitive form by Canberra, Australia: Australasian Speech Science and Technology Association Inc., 2019.

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Static cues such as formant measurements obtained at vowel midpoint are regularly taken as the main correlatesfor the identification of monophthong vowels. However, dynamic cues have been shown to yield better separation of vowelsin some languages. This study aimsto evaluate the role of static vs dynamic cues in Hijazi Arabic (HA) vowel classification, withvowel duration and F3 as additional cues. Data from 12 male HA speakers producing eight HA vowels in /hVd/ syllables were obtained and evaluated using discriminant analysis. Results show that dynamic cues,particularly the three-point model,had higher classification rates (+98%) than the remaining models. Vowel duration had a significant role in classification accuracy (+11%). Ourresults are in line with dynamic approaches to vowel classification but also highlight the relative importance of cues across languages;here, the primacy of vowel durationwas stark, potentially reflectingthe roleof length in Arabicphonology.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Almurashi W, Al-Tamimi J, Khattab G

Editor(s): Sasha Calhoun, Paola Escudero, Marija Tabain & Paul Warren (eds.)

Publication type: Conference Proceedings (inc. Abstract)

Publication status: Published

Conference Name: 19th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences ICPhS 2019

Year of Conference: 2019

Pages: 3468-3472

Print publication date: 05/08/2019

Online publication date: 05/08/2019

Acceptance date: 12/02/2019

Date deposited: 05/08/2019

Publisher: Canberra, Australia: Australasian Speech Science and Technology Association Inc.