Toggle Main Menu Toggle Search

Open Access padlockePrints

Regulation of microRNA-221, -222, -21 and -27 in articular cartilage subjected to abnormal compressive forces

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Jessica Tarn, Sarah Charlton, Andrew Skelton, Dr Matthew Barter, Professor David Young

Downloads


Licence

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


Abstract

© 2020 The Authors. The Journal of Physiology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of The Physiological Society. Key points: microRNAs (miRs) are small non-coding molecules that regulate post-transcriptional target gene expression. miRs are involved in regulating cellular activities in response to mechanical loading in all physiological systems, although it is largely unknown whether this response differs with increasing magnitudes of load. miR-221, miR-222, miR-21-5p and miR-27a-5p were significantly increased in ex vivo cartilage explants subjected to increasing load magnitude and in in vivo joint cartilage exposed to abnormal loading. TIMP3 and CPEB3 are putative miR targets in chondrocytes Identification of mechanically regulated miRs that have potential to impact on tissue homeostasis provides a mechanism by which load-induced tissue behaviour is regulated, in both health and pathology, in all physiological systems. Abstract: MicroRNAs (miRs) are small non-coding molecules that regulate post-transcriptional target gene expression and are involved in mechano-regulation of cellular activities in all physiological systems. It is unknown whether such epigenetic mechanisms are regulated in response to increasing magnitudes of load. The present study investigated mechano-regulation of miRs in articular cartilage subjected to ‘physiological’ and ‘non-physiological’ compressive loads in vitro as a model system and validated findings in an in vivo model of abnormal joint loading. Bovine full-depth articular cartilage explants were loaded to 2.5 MPa (physiological) or 7 MPa (non-physiological) (1 Hz, 15 min) and mechanically-regulated miRs identified using next generation sequencing and verified using a quantitative PCR. Downstream targets were verified using miR-specific mimics or inhibitors in conjunction with 3′-UTR luciferase activity assays. A subset of miRs were mechanically-regulated in ex vivo cartilage explants and in vivo joint cartilage. miR-221, miR-222, miR-21-5p and miR-27a-5p were increased and miR-483 levels decreased with increasing load magnitude. Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 3 (TIMP3) and cytoplasmic polyadenylation element binding protein 3 (CPEB3) were identified as putative downstream targets. Our data confirm miR-221 and -222 mechano-regulation and demonstrates novel mechano-regulation of miR-21-5p and miR-27a-5p in ex vivo and in vivo cartilage loading models. TIMP3 and CPEB3 are putative miR targets in chondrocytes. Identification of specific miRs that are regulated by increasing load magnitude, as well as their potential to impact on tissue homeostasis, has direct relevance to other mechano-sensitive physiological systems and provides a mechanism by which load-induced tissue behaviour is regulated, in both health and pathology.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Stadnik PS, Gilbert SJ, Tarn J, Charlton S, Skelton AJ, Barter MJ, Duance VC, Young DA, Blain EJ

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Physiology

Year: 2021

Volume: 599

Issue: 1

Pages: 143-155

Print publication date: 01/01/2021

Online publication date: 14/10/2020

Acceptance date: 09/10/2020

Date deposited: 24/05/2021

ISSN (print): 0022-3751

ISSN (electronic): 1469-7793

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Ltd

URL: https://doi.org/10.1113/JP279810

DOI: 10.1113/JP279810

PubMed id: 33052608


Altmetrics

Altmetrics provided by Altmetric


Actions

Find at Newcastle University icon    Link to this publication


Share