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Exploring the Advantages and Disadvantages of a Whole Foods Approach for Elevating Dietary Nitrate Intake: Have Researchers Concentrated Too Much on Beetroot Juice?

Lookup NU author(s): Shatha Alhulaefi, Ellie Hayes, Dr Kirsten BrandtORCiD, Dr Anthony Watson, Dr Oliver Shannon



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


In recent years, a number of studies have explored the potential salutary effects of dietary nitrate, with promising findings emerging. Indeed, numerous investigations have now demonstrated that increasing intake of dietary nitrate can reduce blood pressure, improve endothelial function, decrease platelet aggregation, increase cognitive function and brain perfusion, and enhance exercise performance. Most researchers have explored the health and/or performance effects of dietary nitrate by providing participants with concentrated beetroot juice, which is rich in this compound. Another strategy for increasing/optimising dietary nitrate intake, which could be embraced alongside or instead of nitrate-rich supplements in research and non-research settings, is the consumption of whole nitrate-rich vegetables. In this review, we explore the potential advantages and disadvantages of increasing consumption of various whole nitrate-rich vegetables to augment dietary nitrate intake. We compare the cost, convenience, availability, feasibility/acceptability, and efficacy of consumption of nitrate via whole nitrate-rich vegetables against concentrated beetroot juice ‘shots’ as defined supplements. We also discuss possible strategies that could be used to help individuals maximise their intake of nitrate via whole vegetables, and outline potential avenues for future research.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Griffiths A, Alhulaefi s, Hayes EJ, Matu J, Brandt K, Watson A, Siervo A, Shannon OM

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Applied Sciences

Year: 2023

Volume: 13

Issue: 12

Online publication date: 20/06/2023

Acceptance date: 15/06/2023

Date deposited: 23/06/2023

ISSN (electronic): 2076-3417

Publisher: MDPI AG


DOI: 10.3390/app13127319


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